LifestyleHealth & FitnessWhat has changed in the second wave?

What has changed in the second wave?

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Is there a higher rate of infection among young people this year than last? What is the source of the oxygen shortage? Why do people who have been vaccinated fall ill? Deciphering the patterns that have emerged as a result of the Covid-19 uptick.

The second all-India surge of the Covid-19 pandemic, like the 1918-20 Spanish flu, has been more destructive than the first. It also seemed to be different from last year’s boom in a number of ways, causing increased anxiety and worry. Here’s what you need to know about the second wave’s some obvious trends:

For more than a year, I’ve been highly cautious. I’m not sure why I still have Covid-19.

That a virus-carrying asymptomatic individual would have transmitted the infection. Experts estimate that 80-85 percent of the population in India is asymptomatic. They are still the most common carriers of the virus, and in a confined indoor environment, an asymptomatic individual can transmit the virus even while conversing.

In contrast to last year, I’m seeing whole families with Covid. Is there a difference in the infection’s existence now?

If Covid-appropriate behaviors are not observed, super-spreading events in indoor settings — house parties, social gatherings — may cause local outbreaks. Since some virus variants are more contagious than others, and micro-containment zones aren’t controlled as well as containment zones we’re seeing whole families succumb to the virus. The contact tracing protocols are not being practiced as strictly as they were previously.

This year, unlike the previous year, a large number of young people are receiving Covid. Isn’t it true that children have a stronger immune system than adults?

In every age group, the infection is spreading more quickly. There is currently no information available about how long immunity persists in the younger population. Many with comorbidities at a young age, on the other hand, are at an increased risk.

How did the medical oxygen condition devolve into such a disaster?

Critical data from hospitals being monitored by the government has emerged in the second wave, revealing that 54.5 percent of admissions during the second wave needed supplementary oxygen during treatment. According to data from 40 centres around the region, this was a 13.4-percentage-point rise from the high in September and November of last year. In addition, among symptomatic patients in the second wave, shortness of breath is the most frequent clinical trait. The clinical management guideline in India suggests oxygen therapy as the primary means of care for intermediate cases: the aim is to reach 92-96 percent SpO2 or 88-92 percent in COPD patients. This is the group that necessitates the use of oxygen beds. While the proportion of those needing oxygen beds remains under 10%, this figure is at an all-time high, with India’s active caseload surpassing 26 lakh.

As soon as I was eligible, I received my first vaccine injection. What’s the point of having Covid?

The two vaccines licensed for use in India for emergency use do not prevent the viral spread and can only minimize serious disease or hospitalization at this time. According to government data, about 2-4 people out of every 10,000 tested positive after being vaccinated. 0.02 percent (17,145) of the 10.03 crore who got just the first injection of Covishield tested positive, while 0.03 percent (5,014) of the 1.57 crore who received both shots tested positive. Covaxin tested positive in 0.04 percent (4,208) of the 93.56 lakh who received only the first dose, and 0.04 percent (695) of the 17.37 lakh who received both doses. This suggests that people who have been immunized should continue to engage in Covid-appropriate behaviors.

Text by: Adrita Roy, IBTN9


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